the number of cars is peer to peer ride sharing Finding the right passengers is easy thanks to smartphone con nectivity Like on some express freeways in Los Ange les fully occupied cars are able to pass the traffi c jams in dedicated car pool lanes Smart guidance systems such as car 2 car and car 2 x communication can addi tionally assist in balancing traffi c density In a next step car pool vehicles equipped with respective technologies might be interlinked to create an autonomously driv ing swarm that saves space and like a train travels into the city where the convoy is subsequently dissolved again Ideally such a self driving car will autonomously fi nd a vacant parking place where it ll patiently wait for its next run Connecting suburban districts poses a chal lenge to many cities The Texan metropolis Austin is in vestigating the possibility of using autonomous vehicles from suburban centers to the downtown area whereas the city government of Columbus Ohio is planning the future use of autonomous shuttles in a smart corridor leading to centers where many people work Closing the last gap Be it L A San Francisco Paris Berlin or Tokyo A major issue in developing advanced local public trans portation concepts is closing the gap between commut ers doorsteps and the nearest bus stop or train station and from the destination stop or station to their place of work In professional circles this distance is also re ferred to as the fi rst or last mile A visit to Baden Baden in Germany At the Schaeff ler Symposium held there the technology group presented two vehicle concepts for short urban distances The Schaeff ler Mover is an elec tric vehicle featuring a modular design that s suitable for autonomous transportation of passengers and goods The four drive units with wheel hub motors can be ro tated by 90 degrees which makes the Mover extreme ly maneuverable Its compact dimensions support the vehicle s utilization in tight traffi c areas The Schaeff ler E Board is even so compact that its user can take it along on a train allowing for highly individual coverage of the fi rst or last mile more on the Schaeff ler E Board and Schaeff ler s research and development center for ur ban mobility on page 14 More and more new roads are no solution Our next stop is another example which shows that the automobile can no longer play the key role when it comes to effi cient commutes in conurbations Istan bul Karaköy ferry terminal The ferries still departing from here used to be the only way to cross the Bosporus Strait in order to get to the other side of the city Conse quently there used to be long lines of passengers wait ing to board In 1973 a six lane freeway bridge paved the way to the other side But traffi c jams soon began to develop in front of it as well A second bridge with eight lanes followed in 1988 it too soon became congested which proves the assumption that more and better roads entice people to drive more a vicious circle Currently a third bridge is under construction in addition to the Eurasia Tunnel that was offi cially opened in 2016 with What s the answer when traffi c is congested on the ground Ris ing above it In contrast to the use of drones airspace is rela tively easy to conquer with cable cars They require little space 50 less than a comparable street are silent clean and cost eff ective Cable car manufacturer Doppelmayr estimates that a cable car costs only one to two thirds of a conventional means of transportation Particularly attractive are cable cars for big cities with diffi cult topographies ELEVATED 95 94

Vorschau Schaeffler tomorrow 02-2018 EN Seite 94
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